Rare Learn

Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

Promising Therapeutic Approaches for Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease that leads to progressive muscle weakness and paralysis and if left untreated, can lead to the most severe form and death. SMA has an incidence of 1 in 10,000 live births and can affect infants and adults of any age, race, or gender.1,2 The life of SMA …

Promising Therapeutic Approaches for Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Read More »

Pompe disease

Understanding Pompe Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Pompe disease, also known as glycogen storage disease type II, is a rare genetic disorder that affects approximately 1 in 40,000 people worldwide. It is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA), which is responsible for breaking down glycogen (a form of sugar) in the body. Without enough GAA, glycogen builds up …

Understanding Pompe Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Read More »

Thalassemia & gene therapy

Gene therapy & β-thalassemia

It seems that the hope of gene therapy for transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia (TDT) is becoming so close. During the 62nd American Society of Hematology (ASH) annual conference, bluebird bio Inc presented a longe term data for their innovative and breakthrough gene therapy betibeglogene autotemcel gene therapy ( LentiGlobin™). Long-term follow-up showed that all patients who achieved transfusion independency remained …

Gene therapy & β-thalassemia Read More »

what is char syndrome?

What is Char syndrome?

Char syndrome is a rare, genetic, multiple congenital anomalies/dysmorphic syndrome characterized by: Triad of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) Typical facial features with depressed nasal bridge and broad flat nasal tip, widely spaced eyes, down slanted palpebral fissures. Aplasia or hypoplasia of the middle phalanges of the fifth fingers The incidence of Char syndrome is less …

What is Char syndrome? Read More »

What is Calciphylaxis?

Calciphylaxis is an uncommon, rare, serious, and fatal disorder that is characterized by: Calcification of the small blood vessels located within the fatty tissue and deeper layers of the skin. Blood clots formation. Death of skin cells due to too little blood flow. Recent studies estimated that the incidence of calciphylaxis is around 3.5 new …

What is Calciphylaxis? Read More »

What is Amyloidosis?

What is Amyloidosis? An amyloidosis is a group of serious and rare diseases in which abnormal proteins, known as amyloid fibrils, build up in tissues and organs. Building up of these proteins leads to improper functionality of the organs and hence the failure. It results from abnormalities in plasma cells. Amyloidosis could be either genetic …

What is Amyloidosis? Read More »

Sarcoidosis image

What is Sarcoidosis?

Sarcoidosis is a rare disease where inflamed cells clump together to make small lumps called granulomas which can develop in any part of the body. However, sarcoidosis is mainly found in the lungs (90%), and the lymph glands that drain the lungs. Additionally, it can affect other parts like the liver, nervous system, skin, eyes, …

What is Sarcoidosis? Read More »